Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)
Everyone recognizes red clover for it’s beautiful purple flower. Red clover (trifolium pratense) also has other common names such as trefoil, cow grass, cleaver grass and purple clover. It is a perennial herb that grows to about 16 inches. It has a hairy upright stem. The leaves have 3 (sometimes 4) oval leaflets with a white crescent mark on them.
The flowers can range from pink to dark purple. Red Clover is a common wayside plant, but it is also cultivated as a fodder crop for cows, and other grazing animals. It is also grown for hay and used in gardens as a nitrogen additive for crops.